The new relationship between the EU and the UK begins, provided an agreement has been reached, approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament. The British Parliament has passed Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s Brexit Act, which allows the UK to leave the EU. The vote ends years of battle for the initial conditions of the British exit. The United Kingdom (United Kingdom) left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will have to comply with all EU rules and legislation. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the «backstop» agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU reached an agreement on the terms of the UK`s exit (Brexit) and on a transitional period until 31 December 2020. This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide how to proceed: the declaration on the relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as a political declaration, is a non-binding declaration that was negotiated and signed with the UK`s binding and broader withdrawal agreement from the European Union (EU).

, colloquially known as Brexit, and the expected end of the transition period. The Prime Minister hailed a «fantastic moment» for the country after embarking on the historic agreement that paves the way for the UK`s exit from the European Union next Friday. In a referendum in June 2016, Britons voted 52% to 48% in favour of Brexit, which has since so cruelly divided the country between the Leave- and Remain camps. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union.